Being a dog owner, you must be aware of the fact that there are dogs who may suffer from chocolate toxicity and at the same time there are dogs who don’t suffer from it and can consume chocolates without any problem. You may wonder about the amount of chocolate safe for your dog, but you must know that the lesser the quantity, the more it is good for them. This is because chocolate contains methylxanthines, which at times can turn out to be deadly for dogs. According to researchers, a pound of chocolate can be harmful to your dog. This is probably one of the many reasons why chocolate poisoning is prevalent among dogs.
Chocolate toxicity Index:
If your dog has eaten chocolate for whatever reasons, then you must have proper calculations at your disposal just so you can analyze the amount of damage done and treat it accordingly.
Here is how much chocolate can kill a dog in grams, the breakdown will help you what amount of the chocolate is safe for your dog to be indigested.
- Milk Chocolate: Milk chocolate is generally considered safe for dogs to consume but as we know, everything in excess is a curse. This is why 300 grams of milk chocolate can be toxic for your dog.
- Standard Chocolate: Standard chocolate without any preservatives is also detrimental to your dog’s health. 104 grams of standard chocolate can be damaging to your dog’s well-being.
- Dark Cocoa( 50% ): 74 grams of pyre dark chocolate with 50% cocoa can be toxic for your dog.
- Dark Cocoa( 60% ): 62 grams of pure dark chocolate with 60% cocoa can be toxic for your dog.
- Dark Cocoa( 70% ): Similarly 52 grams of dark chocolate with 70% cocoa can be dangerous for your dog.
- Cocoa Powder: 20 grams of cocoa powder and 36 grams of baking powder if consumed by your dog can be highly toxic for your dog
That being said, the only chocolate which is safe for consumption is white chocolate. The reason being it is harmless and contains a minute amount of theobromine.
If you want to break down the chocolates according to their generic toxicity levels, here are the breakdown.
- Cocoa powder is more toxic than any other chocolate.
- Any unsweetened baker’s chocolate is toxic.
- Semisweet chocolate is toxic for dogs as well.
- Dark chocolate is dangerous
- Milk chocolate is not safe for dogs.
If your dog has accidentally eaten some chocolate you need to check out how much he consumed to help the vet about the seriousness of the situation. In general, mild symptoms would be diarrhea and vomiting if your dog consumes 20m of methylxanthines per kg of his body weight. Heart attack or cardiac symptoms or arrests could occur when he consumed 40 to 50mg or his body weight. He may have seizures and convulsions at consuming 50 mg of methylxanthines per his body weight. In other words, the higher dosage of chocolates can even kill your pet so never let your dog consume the chocolate or any product made of it.
How much chocolate is poisonous?
How much chocolate is safe for consumption:
For dogs, the toxicity level of chocolates is directly proportional to the amount of theobromine. The higher the amount of theobromine is, the more toxic it will be for your dog. Even unsweetened chocolate contains 390 mg of theobromine per ounce. As said earlier, the only chocolate which is safe for consumption is white chocolate due to the reason that it does nòt contain a lot of toxicity, as is the case with dark chocolates.
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How much Chocolate can kill a dog?
There is no second opinion about the fact that dark chocolates are highly toxic and are more poisonous than other chocolates. Even a minute amount of 2.25 ounces is enough to kill a dog, so to be on the safe side, it is better to avoid it altogether. To make things more simple
- 1 ounce of baking chocolate can cause severe damage and can be highly toxic for a 9-pound dog.
- Similarly, 3 ounces of baking chocolate are sufficient enough to cause a toxic reaction for a 27-pound dog.
If your dog consumes chocolate and you see symptoms of a toxic reaction, then the standard procedure is to induce vomiting as soon as you can. This is done to get rid of the poison as soon as possible. Even if your dog consumes its wrapper, the standard procedure remains the same. This may cause allergies and dehydration as well. Following are some of the steps you can undertake to control the damage.
- Make your dog consume a small meal that the stomach may induce to have vomited.
- This should be followed by giving your pet 3% hydrogen peroxide, 2 spoons for 10 pounds of your pet. For this purpose, you can use an eyedropper or needle-free syringe for squirting purposes. If this doesn’t work, you may repeat the process to get desired results, but you must be cautious because overdosage may result in uncontrollable vomiting.
- Refrain from giving salt to induce vomit.
- Contact your vet immediately after you are done emptying the stomach of your dog.
To prevent such a situation, you need to train your dog beforehand.
- Always train your dog not to access the left-out overnight treats.
- Teach your dog self-restraint. This will help him develop an attitude to ‘leave it so you can control your dog to eat snack chocolate’.
- Make sure your kids don’t offer chocolate as a treat to your dog.
- Do make sure that all the chocolate-based items are out of reach of your dog, be it hot chocolate mix or cocoa powder.
- Teach your dog to leave it. This command comes in handy during emergencies. It prevents your dog from eating something which falls on the ground
- One of the most secure and faster ways of teaching your dog is to train him. Once you do it, your dog won’t eat anything when he is left unsupervised. For this purpose, you need to find yourself a sturdy crate that is large enough for your dog to fit in and stand up and turn around and make it a comfortable safe space for your dog to retreat when he wishes to be alone.
It is not unlikely of a pet owner to offer some delicious chews and yummy treats to their beloved furry friend. However, if you love eating snacks made of processed sugar like chocolates and diary items, you should never offer such treats to your dogs because not everything you consume is safe for your dogs.
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If your dog has a habit of finding and eating treats himself, you can follow the following steps to prevent your dog from eating chocolate.
Out of reach:
Almost all the leaflets of the medicine come with the warning of “keep it out of the reach of children”, the same goes when you have a pet at home. All the medications should be in the cabinet. Now as for the chocolate you can store them away in a safe place where your dog cannot reach them. If you don’t put chocolates in your pantry or fridge, put them on the shelf or closed door pantries. At all costs you need to keep the chocolates out of your dog’s reach and never leave them in your room, kitchen, kitchen countertops, bags or purses. The same should be done with sweetened candies that contain any amount of chocolate. Put them away in the closed drawers or anywhere your dog cannot easily find them.
Teach your dog how to not eat certain foods. Train him to follow your leave it commands, this way you could prevent him from eating certain foods. For instance if you train your dog not to eat food that falls down he will learn not to pick it up. It’s just that dogs learn everything you teach them. It’s just a matter of time that they even begin to understand your gestures, signals and hand signs. All you have to do is spend some time with them and train them.
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Symptoms of chocolate poisoning:
Following are some of the symptoms which your dog may encounter when suffering from chocolate toxicity.
- Increased urination
- Elevated or abnormal heart rate.
- Sudden death
If you witness any of the above-mentioned symptoms, contact your vet immediately. Lack of doing so may have serious implications on your dog’s health, and can even cause death in some circumstances.
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Milk chocolate is not bad for dogs
How much chocolate can kill a dog? Remember that a certain amount of milk chocolate can be given to your dog according to his body weight. For instance, if you have milk-white chocolate, giv it like 14g chocolate as a treat per kg of his body weight. It would be equal to 1pz per lb body weight.
- A 45g/1.6oz bar of milk chocolate can be dangerous weighing less than 3.2kg or 7lb.
- A medium-size chocolate bar of 100g/3.5oz is poisonous for a 7kg/15.7lb pooch
- A large 250g/9oz block of milk-white chocolate is toxic for an 18kg/4lb dog.
- So you may give them less according to the weight of your dog so that you may not get in trouble because of the pet’s health.
Dark chocolate is bad and worse for your dog
As a matter of fact on the toxicity levels dark chocolates are on the top. They contain more of theobromine that could be lethal for your dog. It should never be digested by your dog so if you have taste in dark chocolate, keep it a million miles away from the reach of your dog. However, if your dog loves to eat it, you can give it a very small amount according to his body weight such as.
- A small bar of chocolate 45/1.6lb for a 13kg/28lb pet or lighter.
- A medium-size chocolate bar of 100g/3.5oz is toxic for a pooch under 28kg/36lb
- A large 250g/9oz block of chocolate would be huge toxic for a 72kg/16lb dog.
Treating first-aid to your dog
If your dog or pup has accidentally consumed more chocolate than he should, you can try out first aid yourself. First, you need to try to make him vomit. Find a way to induce vomiting so the chocolate can be out of his system.
Sometimes dogs could be quite childish; they eat everything or chew on any food item or useless items such as wrappers and plastic bags. If this happens you should make him vomit it before things get serious.
- You can feed him a small meal to induce the stomach for vomiting.
- Give your dog 3 percent hydrogen peroxide, 2 spoons for the 10 pounds of the body weight. Use a needleless syringe or eyedropper for squirting. If he does not vomit immediately you can try out again, like two or three times. Your ultimate motive should be to make him vomit only.
- Some people use salt for induce vomiting, you should not do it.
- If you believe and feel that it’s not in your control to make your dog feel any better, you should take the help of a veterinarian. Meanwhile make sure to empty out your dog’s stomach by inducing the vomiting in any way or means so he could be saved.
Frequently Asked Questions:
What to do if my dog eats chocolate but in smaller quantity:
If your dog consumes chocolate in smaller amounts, look for symptoms such as restlessness, hyperactivity, diarrhea, heart rate,or seizures and make your dog vomit
How long does it take for symptoms to appear?
Symptoms usually within the first six to 12 hours once the chocolate is consumed. However, you will start to notice the symptoms within only one hour when your dog eats chocolate.
How do I know if my dog has chocolate poisoning?
The common signs of chocolate poisons are vomiting and diarrhea. You will instantly notice when your dog does not feel well. He may have excessive urination, panting and restlessness. Increased thirst, seizures, heart failure and muscle tremors are additional signs of lethal chocolate poisoning in dogs.
So how much chocolate can kill a dog?Chocolate can cause toxic reactions to dogs because of the large amount of theobromine content, which is difficult for dogs to metabolize. If by any chance, your dog consumes chocolate, monitor them and consult your vet sooner than later.
Dogs are an important part of your family, they should be treated like children and kids. No matter how intelligent they are, somewhere they are still innocent and it is your responsibility to keep harmful food like chocolates away from their reach. Accidents happen in homes if your dog consumes chocolate accidentally take him to the vet instead of trying out home remedies as they won’t be effective.